Effects of Air Pollution

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“1) Acid rain:
Chemical reactions involving air pollutants can create acidic compounds which can cause harm to vegetation and buildings. Sometimes, when an air pollutant, such as sulfuric acid combines with the water droplets that make up clouds, the water droplets become acidic, forming acid rain. When acid rain falls over an area, it can kill trees and harm animals, fish, and other wildlife. Acid rain destroys the leaves of plants. When acid rain infiltrates into soils, it changes the chemistry of the soil making it unfit for many living things that rely on soil as a habitat or for nutrition. Acid rain also changes the chemistry of the lakes and streams that the rainwater flows into, harming fish and other aquatic life.
2) Smog:
A mixture of fog and smoke is called smog. Smog creates a blanket of haze in the sky. This reduces visibility which can give trouble to pilots and drivers.
3) Deforestation:
Deforestation: Deforestation is a major cause of air pollution. Reduced forest cover means there are less number of trees to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. This has led to increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.”

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